Dilip K. Basu Etc. Ashok K. ... vs State Of West Bengal & Ors Supreme Court
of India DATE OF JUDGMENT: 01/08/1997
WRIT PETITION (CRL) No. 592 OF 1987
December 18, 1996 in D.K. Basu Versus State of West Bengal (1997 (1) SCC 416),
this court laid down certain basic "requirements" to be followed in
all cases of arrest or detention till legal provisions are made in that behalf
as a measure to prevent custodial violence. The requirements read as follows.
The police personnel carrying out the arrest and handling the interrogation of
the arrestee should bear accurate, visible and clear identification and name
clear identification and name tags with their designations. The particulars of
all such police personnel who handle interrogation of the arrestee must be
recorded in a register.
That the police officer carrying out the arrest of the arrestee shall prepare a
memo of arrest at the time of arrest and such memo shall be attested by at
least one witness, who may either be a member of the family of the arrestee or
a respectable person of the locality from where the arrest is made. It shall
also be countersigned by the arrestee and shall contain the time and date of
A person who has been arrested or detained and is being held in custody in a
police station or interrogation centre or other lock- up, shall be entitled to
have one friend or relative or other person know to him or having interest in
his welfare being informed, as soon as practicable, that he has been arrested
and is being detained at the particular place, unless the attesting witness of
the memo of arrest is himself such a friend or a relative of the arrestee.
The time, place of arrest and venue of custody of an arrestee must be notified
by the police where the next friend or relative of the arrestee lives outside
the district or town through the Legal Aid Organisation in the District and the
police station of the area concerned telegraphically within a period of 8 to 12
hours after the arrest.
The person arrested must be made aware of this right to have someone informed
of his arrest or detention as soon as he is put under arrest or is detained.
An entry must be made in the diary at the place of detention regarding the
arrest of the person which shall also disclose the name of the next fried of
the person who has been informed of the arrest and the names and particulars of
the police officials in whose custody the arrestee is.
The arrestee should, where he so requests, be also examined at the time of his
arrest and major and minor injuries, if any present on his/her body, must be
recorded at that time. The "Inspection Memo" must be signed both by
the arrestee and the police officer effecting the arrest and its copy provided
to the arrestee and the police officer effecting the arrest and its copy
provided to the arrestee.
The arrestee should be subjected to medical examination by a trained doctor
every 48 hours during his detention in custody by a doctor on the panel of
approved doctors appointed by Director, Health Services of the State or Union
Territory concerned. Director, Health Services should prepare such a penal for
all tehsils and districts as well.
Copies of all the documents including the memo of arrest, referred to above,
should be sent to the Illega Magistrate for his record.
The arrestee may be permitted to meet his lawyer during interrogation, though
not throughout the interrogation.
A police control room could be provided at all district and State headquarters,
where information regarding the arrest and the place of custody of the arrestee
shall be communicated by the officer causing the arrest, within 12 hours of
effecting the arrest and at the police control room it should be displayed on a
conspicuous notice board."
court also opined that failure to comply with the above requirements, apart
from rendering the official concerned liable for departmental action, would
also render him liable to be punished for contempt of court and the proceedings
for contempt of court could be instituted in any High Court of country, having
territorial jurisdiction over the matter. This Court further observed :
"The requirements mentioned above shall be forwarded to the Director
General of every State/Union Territory and it shall be their obligation to
circulate the same to every police station under their charge and get the same
notified at every police station under their charge and get the same notified
at every police station at a conspicuous place. It would also be useful and
serve larger interest to broadcast the requirements on All India Radio besides
being shown on the national Network of Doordarshan any by publishing and
distributing pamphlets in the local language containing these requirements for
information of the general public. Creating awareness about the lights of the
arrestee would in our opinion be a step in the right direction to combat the
evil of custodial crime and bring in transparency and accountability. It is
hoped and accountability. It is hoped that thee requirements would help to
curb, if not totally eliminate, the use of a questionable methods during
interrogation and investigation leading to custodial commission of