Employer - Character & Conduct

     Masters, give unto your servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven.                                                                                                                                         The Holy Bible

Please take all out efforts to avoid workplace violence – i.e. physical assault, shouting at the sub-ordinates/ employees, causing psychological traumas by threats, harassment of any nature – by not assigning or permitting to do any work or inferior work than agreed upon etc.

Ø  Before you employ a person, please formulate ‘service rules’ for each category of job – elucidating his responsibilities with as much clarity and in detail needed for his best official work.   You should not exceed the limits of responsibility given in writing. Please provide a copy of the same to the prospective employee and get it signed in token of his knowledge and consent.  

Ø  Please give an appointment order in writing unless you employ him for casual work or on outsourcing.

Ø  Please delegate required powers, provide required infrastructure & facilities to perform the job well and assign responsibility of any work only to individuals having appropriate training and skills to perform the job.

Ø  Please be prompt in paying the appropriate wages / salary,  and fulfil all statutory employee welfare requirements / measures such as safety and security of personnel.. [Look! The wages you failed to pay the workmen who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The Holy Bible ] [Whoever employs someone to work for him, he must specify for him his wage in advance." Musannaf 'Abdur-Razzaaq] Allaah Said, ‘I will be the opponent of three on the Day of Judgment:…and one who hires a workman and having taken full work from him, does not pay him his wages.

Ø  Please pay suitable compensation of Over Time Allowance or Compensatory Leave for any work beyond the normal working hours. Don’t say that you cannot exist in business if you do so. If you are not able to efficiently manage your business or position, there are a few out there who will. You need to do just & right and succeed.

Ø  All those who worked for six days, must be given a holiday on the seventh day.  [but the seventh day is a day of rest dedicated to the LORD your God. On that day no one in your household may do any kind of work. This includes you, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, your livestock, and any foreigners living among you. Exodus 20:10 NLT] Even if you provide with boarding and lodging to your employees, they should be freely allowed to go out anywhere without asking for any permission whatsoever as if they are not under your employment on that day.

Perchance an employee has reported for duty later than the grace time allowed. If you are his supervisor or boss, you can’t further waste time and so you may not hear the reason for his late coming at that moment.  But you should find time during the day to listen to the employee and try to find out what best can be done by you to alleviate that difficulty. While you have the right to reprimand or punish, you should necessarily have an element of mercy.


Working Hours

Those who are to work in shifts should normally be given same shift for a month, so that s/he may sleep or take food at the same time every day to enable systematic and smooth inner body digestive and other functions. 

Willingness to work in second and third shift / Willingness to be a good worker and go beyond the traditional eight-hour day -- is stated to be one of the wish list of the employer.  This is one of the most sensitive area.  The employer is also expected to be mindful of the employee’s personal and social responsibilities outside his official/factory work. Trying to keep him tied up to work beyond the lawful limit is not right.  

An individual needs 

8 hours for himself – for sleep, eating etc., 

8 hours to do something to earn for his living, and the remaining 

8 hours for actually living a meaningful life in the society – doing acts of love to family members, and others who are in need.  

A general idea about working hours:-

Number of days worked per week Maximum

          Ordinary hours per day         Ordinary hours per week

           1 - 5   9        45                            more than 5          8        45


Workers may agree, in writing, to work up to 12 hours a day without getting overtime pay.

However, these workers may not work more than –

o        45 ordinary hours a week

o        10 hours’ overtime a week

o        5 days a week


A collective agreement may allow for working hours to be averaged over a period of up to 4 months.

However, workers may not work more than –

o        an average of 45 hours a week

o        an average of 5 hours’ overtime a week


Workers must have a rest period of –

o        12 hours each day; and

o        36 consecutive hours each week (must include Sunday, unless otherwise agreed)


Workers working between 1800 hrs and 0600 hrs must –

o        get an allowance, or

o        work reduced hours, and

o        have transport available to them.